Placement of a ceramic implant after uprighting the canine with aligner therapy due to tooth agenesis
A clinical case report by Julia Plattner, Vasileios Alevizakos, Constantin von See
This case report describes the explantation of an insufficiently osseointegrated implant, followed by placement of the Straumann® PURE Ceramic Implant Monotype using the minimally invasive guided surgery system. The dental implant and temporary restoration provided the patient with immediate comfort, good esthetics and, most importantly, preservation of tissues.
A 37‐year old patient presented complaining about his loose implant in region 13. The patient suffers from ankylosing spondylitis, for which he takes 50 mg of golimubab every 4‐8 weeks. According to the patient's report, due to hypodontia the tooth in region 13 had been replaced with an implant 12 years ago. A panoramic x‐ray showed four implants (13, 15, 23 and 25). Both of the mesially erupted canines had been crowned and substituted for the lateral incisors. Tooth region 13 was restored by an implant supported bridge crown linked to the upper lateral incisor (Fig. 1). After the crowns were separated, the implant in region 13 was easily removed with forceps (Fig. 2). All other implants were firmly anchored in bone.
A cone beam CT scan (CBCT) was recorded, followed by digital implant planning (coDiagnostiX™, Dental Wings, Montreal, Canada) (Fig. 3). Insufficient space was available apically for the re-implantation (Fig. 4). The minimum required distance from the implant to the adjacent tooth is 1.5 mm. In this case, the circumferential space of 1.5 mm was only present in the coronal area, but not in the apical area. To straighten up the root (tip the root mesially) of tooth 13, an aligner treatment was performed prior to implant placement. The treatment required three attachments on teeth 12, 14 and 22, and a total number of eight aligners had to be worn for about 23 hours a day. The patient’s compliance was very good, and space was easily created. After 10 months of healing time for guided surgery, an impression was taken, and the plaster model scanned. Both the exported CBCT data and the STL files for the scanned plaster model were imported into the planning software (coDiagnostiX™, Dental Wings, Montreal, Canada), and a surgical guide was developed and printed. Figure 4 shows the preoperative intraoral situation.
Under local anesthesia, a soft tissue punch was performed using the drill guide (Fig. 5). Next, the implant bed was prepared using guided drills and bone condensing instruments (Fig. 6). The Straumann® PURE Ceramic Implant Monotype (Straumann, Basel, Switzerland), with a diameter of 3.3 mm, a length of 10 mm and an abutment height of 4 mm, was then placed with a maximum torque of 35 Ncm (Fig. 7). The occlusal plane with the patient’s deep bite, but with sufficient distance between the implant abutment and antagonist, was clinically checked postoperatively (Fig. 8). A postoperative x‐ray was performed to check that the adjacent teeth were not injured. The implant was initially restored with a temporary denture, which was designed to maintain the group alignment of the posterior teeth. During the retention phase of the aligner treatment, the temporary crown was blocked out in the retainer (Fig. 9).
After 6 months of healing time the temporary crown was removed and the Straumann® PURE Ceramic Implant Monotype showed all the signs of osseointegration. The x‐ray did not show any pathological findings (Fig. 10). A precision impression of the upper jaw and a regular impression of the opposite jaw with additional bite registration was taken to instigate the production of the implant crown. After two weeks the implant crown was successfully placed with FujiCEM 2.
Both the dentist and the patient were satisfied with the functional and esthetic outcome of the restoration (Fig. 11) As shown in this case report, the use of a ceramic implant in the anterior region of the upper jaw offers an esthetic solution for replacing the missing incisor. Prior treatment using the aligner technique to improve the implant bed site may be mandatory.