Individually milled bone augmentation to restore masticatory function
A clinical case report by Roberto Sleiter and Nathalie Oppliger, Switzerland
The 72-year-old healthy male patient presented at our practice in mid-2014 with the aim of improving his dental situation (Fig. 1). His quality of life was substantially impaired by his very mobile upper and lower dentures. He wanted to improve his appearance and, in particular, achieve a stable fit of his dentures, ideally by fixed implants in the upper and lower jaws. The upper jaw showed residual dentition with a very poor and unsightly periodontal situation (Fig. 2). In the lower jaw there was a complete denture on a severely atrophied bone ridge (Fig. 3).
Dr. med. dent.
Studied dental medicine at the Università Cattolica in Rome, Italy. Specialist in oral surgery (since 2002). Private practice in Egerkingen, Switzerland. External Senior Physician at the Department of Oral Surgery at the University of Bern, Switzerland with Prof. Daniel Buser. Member of the Swiss Dental Association (SSO), the Swiss Society of Oral Surgery and Stomatology (SSOS) and the Swiss Society of Oral Implantology (SGI).
Dr. med. dent.
Studied dental medicine at the University of Basel, Switzerland. Trained at the Clinic for Reconstructive Dentistry and Myoarthropathy, University of Basel. Dentist in the practice of Dr. Roberto Sleiter, Egerkingen
Since the volume and quality of bone in the upper jaw were satisfactory (type II according to Lekholm and Zarb criteria), following extraction of the residual teeth with a poor prognosis, we opted for a fixed prosthesis on four implants. The initial situation in the lower jaw was more difficult. The severely atrophied edentulous lower jaw and the close proximity of the bone to the inferior alveolar nerve meant that implants were possible only in the interforaminal area (Fig. 4). The bone resorption was even clearer on a CBCT scan. We therefore decided to proceed with a substantial interforaminal bone augmentation prior to implant insertion. First of all, the upper jaw was provided with an ideal solution in terms of both function and esthetic appearance. During this time the lower jaw was adapted accordingly in preparation for the definitive implant provision in a second step. Since the implant provision for the lower jaw represented the greater challenge in this patient in terms of anatomy, surgery and implantation, this case report will focus only on the procedure for the lower jaw.
In order to obtain sufficient bone for the augmentation in the lower jaw and avoid any morbidity associated with iliac crest bone harvesting in this patient, we opted for the allogeneic bone augmentation technique proposed by the company botiss. The detailed planning included a CBCT scan and the virtual transmission of the ideal prosthetic arrangement of the lower jaw teeth (Fig. 5). The position of the implants was defined and the required bone material calculated. The data was then transmitted to botiss, who prepared our custom-made blocks from bone tissue (Fig. 6).
The first step was the bone augmentation with the individually milled bone blocks (maxgraft® bonebuilder). To this end, the bone surface of the application points was lightly freshened, and the maxgraft® was then fixed in place with Straumann osteosynthesis screws (Fig. 7). Collagen-modified xenogeneic bone replacement material was then applied and covered with the porcine collagen membrane (Fig. 8). Periosteal fenestration was followed by tight primary closure of the wound. An OPT was recorded postoperatively for control purposes (Fig. 9). Four months after the bone augmentation two interforaminal implants (Straumann® RN ø 4.1mm, length 8mm, position 33, 43) were inserted (Figs. 10-11), and the osteosynthesis screws were removed at the same time.
Three months after the implantation definitive impressions were taken for the lower jaw implants, as well as conventional bite registration and preparation of a wax checkbite. The patient was provided with a hybrid denture anchored on a CADCAM titanium bar with extensions distally and male retainers (Fig. 12). One minor special feature is the connection between the implant and bar, which involves the use of special abutments. The patient was told how to clean the bar and the implants in the upper jaw. Furthermore, a 4-month recall guarantees a stable prosthetic outcome (Fig. 13).
CADCAM systems for the preparation of individually produced bone blocks like those supplied by Botiss facilitate minimally invasive bone augmentation procedures. At the same time, these long-lasting implant solutions offer maximum comfort for the patient.